GUIDELINES FOR AUTHORS
A style manual comprising pertinent information for authors is given here. Kindly consult this for maintaining consistency in presentation. Your manuscript should be submitted in clear and readable English. Your work should conform to high editorial standards and consistency in style. In order to ensure high quality, we prefer that your final draft is reviewed. You may acknowledge the reviewer in your chapter.
- Please provide your manuscript electronically in MS Word 2007.
- The text must be in single space (Line space - 1).
- Font: Times Roman (size 12 points).
- Page number should be in the centre at the bottom of the page.
- Use standard abbreviations and avoid nonstandard abbreviations.
- Use hrs for hours, min for minutes, sec for seconds, yr for year, mon for month, wk for week, d for day.
- Do not add ‘s’ to create plural. (E.g., 6 yr, 4 mon). Use ‘Fig.’ if singular and ‘Figs.’ for plural. (e.g., Fig. 8; Figs. 9 and 10).
- Do not abbreviate names of months in the text.
- Do not abbreviate the Genus and Species names.
- Genus and species names, et al., in situ, viz, in vitro & in vivo should be in italics font.
- The text should be in third person only. If the authors/editors prefer, they may use first person. However, which narrative style is decided upon should be used consistently throughout the book.
- Use double quotation marks “ ….. ” for quoted information only.
- Only International System (SI) units should be used for all measurements.
- Use the symbol % only with numerals in tables and figures. Do not leave space between the number and the symbol %. In the text use the word percentage (e.g., percentage of infestation).
- Use ‘per’ rather than slash unless reporting measurements in unit to unit. (e.g., arthropods per gall and not arthropods/gall; mg/mm2 and not mg per mm2.
LIFE SCIENCE ARCHIVES (LSA) publishes the following manuscript types
- Original Research Articles
- Review Articles
- Short communications
- Case Reports
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLES
SEQUENCE FOR MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION
- Corresponding author address
- Materials and Methods
- Results and Discussion
- Acknowledgement (if any)
- The Title must be brief, clear, comprehensive and descriptive.
- Title should be of 14 pt bold uppercase.
- Title should include the study theme with no abbreviations allowed.
2) Corresponding author address
- Each authors must provide their Full name, Institution name, Institutional address, E.mail address and Phone number.
- The Corresponding author of the manuscript to whom the correspondence is to be send must be marked with an asterisk*.
- Maximum 4 authors should be allowed.
- It is the sole responsibility of the Corresponding author to ensure that all co-authors are aware and have approved each and every part/content of the submitted manuscript.
- Abstract should start on a new page after the Title page.
- The Abstract must not more than 250 words.
- Abstract should be informative and completely self – explamatory.
- Abstract should be as single paragraph.
- Please do not cite references in the Abstract.
- All the four cateogories (Original research articles, Review articles, Short communications & Case reports) must have an Abstract.
- Minimum 4 key words and maximum 7 key words are to be provided by the authors. The key words should by typed at the end of the Abstract on the same page.
- The Introduction part should provide a clear statement of the problems, relevant literature on the subject and the proposed approach or solution.
- Introduction must be clear and concise.
- Authors should state the reasons for carrying out the research work, background of the study and the hypothesis.
- Introduction should be understandable to colleagues from a broad range of research disciplines and should include up to date references.
5) Materials and Methods
- Material and Methods should be written in past tense and include sufficient technical information to allow the experiments to be performed.
- Only truly novel procedures should be described in detail; earlier published procedures should be cited, and significant changes of published procedures should be mentioned briefly.
- Information on the equipment model, manufacturers name and address including the city, province/state and country should be provided.
- Capitalize trade names and include the manufacturer's name and address.
- The use of sub-headings with numbers to divide the text is encouraged.
- In case of animal experiments authors must give the details of ethical approval.
- Methods in general use need not be described in detail.
6) Results and Discussion
- The Results and Discussion may be combined into a single section or presented separately.
- Results and their significance should be presented clearly and concisely, preferably in the form of graphs or tables which should be self explanatory.
- The reproducibility and statistical significance of measurements, material or biological data, must be included where relevant.
- Results should be written in past tense.
- The Discussion should provide an interpretation of the results and their significance with regard to previously published work.
- Discussion should relate the results to current understanding of the scientific problems being investigated in the field.
- There should not be any significant repetition of the experimental procedures or reiteration of the introduction.
- Tables should be submitted as MS-word, not as PDF or embedded image or any other forms.
- Tables should be placed at the appropriate places.
- Tables should be selfexplanatory without reference to the text.
- Title for the tables is must and it should be in bold face letters.
- Tables should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numericals (Table - 1, Table – 2, etc) and each table must start on a separate page at the end of the manuscript.
- Any footnote should be typed at the bottom of the table in italic.
- The same data should not be presented in both table and graph form.
- All figures including photographs should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals (Figure – a, Figure – 2, etc).
- Figures bear a brief title in lower case bold face letters below the figure.
- Figures should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or Powerpoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file.
- Manuscript should have relevant brief conclusion and should reflect the importance and future scope.
- The main conclusions of the experimental work should be presented.
- The contribution of the work to the scientific community and its economic implications should be emphasized.
8) Acknowledgement (if any)
In this section, the authors may wish to thank some research institutions, funding agencies, companies, or governmental bodies, grants or people who have contributed or financially supported the research from which the manuscript is derived.
- References should be listed at the end of the paper in alphabetical order.
- Cite only those articles published or formally accepted for publication.
- Check and include all the references mentioned in the text.
- Include adequate information to enable the reader to access cited materials (e.g., citations of books and conference proceedings must include name and location [city and state or country of the publisher].
- Don’t abbreviate journal names.
(Parker, 2011); Parker (2011)
(Smayda and Reynolds, 2012); Smayda and Reynolds (2012)
More than Two Authors
(Falkowski et al., 1998); Falkowski et al. (1998)
(Braarud, 1945; Ballek and Swift, 1986; Figuiras et al., 2013)
Multiple Publications by the Same Authors
(Anderson, 1989a, b, c, d, e, f; 1997; 2009)
Published Journal Articles
Sournia, A. (1974). Circadian periodicities in natural populations of marine phytoplankton. Advances in Marine Biology, 12(2): 325 - 389.
Single Author: More than one publication in the same year
Smayda, T. J. (1997a). What is a bloom? A commentary. Limnology and Oceanography, 42(5): 1132-1136.
Smayda, T. J. (1997b). Harmful algal blooms: their ecophysiology and general relevance to phytoplankton blooms in the sea. Limnology and Oceanography, 42(5): 1137-1153.
Veldhuis, M. J and W. Admiral. (1985). Transfer of photosynthetic products in gelatinous colonies of Phaeocystis pouchetti (Haptophyceae) and its effect on measurement of excretion rate. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 26(2): 301 - 304.
More than Two Authors
Johannsen, M., U. Gneveckow, K. Taymoorian, B. Thiesen, N. Waldofner, R. Scholz, K. Jung, A. Jordan, P. Wust and S.A. Loening. (2007). Morbidity and quality of life during thermotherapy using magnetic nanoparticles in locally recurrent prostate cancer: results of a prospective phase I trial. International Journal of Hyperthermia, 23(2): 315 – 323.
Lin, T.H., H.C. Kuo, F.P. Chou and F.J. Lu. (2008). Berberine enhances inhibition of glioma tumor cell migration and invasiveness mediated by arsenic trioxide. BMC Cancer, 8(1): 5 - 8.
Boucher, P. (2008). Nanotechnology - Legal Aspects. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
Chapter in an edited book
Kim, D and Y. H. Bae. (2009). Polymeric carriers for anticancer drugs. pp. 207–243. In: Y. Lu and R.I. Mahato (eds.). Pharmaceutical Perspectives of Cancer Therapeutics. Springer, New York.
Paper from Conference Proceedings
Cherukuri, P., C. J. Gannon, T. K. Leeuw, H. K. Schmidt, R. E. Smalley, S. A. Curley and R. B. Weisman. (2006). Mammalian pharmacokinetics of carbon nanotubes using intrinsic near-infrared fluorescence. Proceedings in National Academy of Science, USA, 103: 18882 – 18886.
Swanson, M. (1997). Estuarine measurements of chlorophyll fluorescence with high temporal resolution. M.S. Thesis, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rhode Island.
Onyuksel, H and I. Rubinstein. (2001). Materials and methods for making improved micelle compositions. U.S. Patent # 6, 217, 886.
- Review articles should not be more than 30 pages and contain comprehensive coverage of relevant literature.
- Review articles should preferably be written by researchers who have in-depth knowledge of the topic.
- All format requirements are similar to those applicable to Research papers.
- Review articles need not to be divided into sections such as Materials and methods, and Results and discussion, but should definitely have an abstract and introduction.
- The Short Communication is suitable for new models, innovative methods and techniques.
- It is similar to original research papers, but with limited data.
- The research and technical communications section of this journal (maximum 3,000 words) is open to interesting results worthy of publication without requiring extensive introduction and discussion.
- This section should be organized as follows: Abstract, Introduction, Materials and methods, Results and discussion (combined).
- Not more than 10 references should be provided. Tables, figures and references are to be arranged in the same way as for research papers.
Novel/interesting/extremely rare cases or rare presentations can be reported. Cases with clinical significance or implications will be given priority. It should be 3 - 4 pages in length.
All articles are reviewed by an editor and members of the Editorial Board or capable external reviewers. Decisions will be made as quickly as possible, and the journal try hard to return reviewers’ evaluations/comments to authors within two weeks.
Submission of the manuscript represent that the manuscript has not been published previously and is not considered for publication elsewhere. Authors would be required to sign a CTA form (Copy Right Transfer Agreement) once the manuscript is accepted which would be sent to the corresponding author’s email. The corresponding author can download the form and after getting authors and co-authors signature it can be send as an attachment file after scanning to the journal or by E.mail/Post/Courier along with the publication charges.
Authors involving in the usage of experimental animals and human subjects in their research article should seek approval from the appropriate Ethical committee in accordance with “Principles of Laboratory Animal Care”. The Method section of the manuscript should include a statement to prove that the investigation was approved and that informed consent was obtained.
All manuscripts should be submitted via E.mail to email@example.com as an attachment for quick evaluation.
GALLERY PROOFS AND REPRINTS
Electronic proofs will be sent (E.mail attachment) to the corresponding author as a PDF file and returned within 3 days. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the article. With the exception of typographical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage. All the articles will be published liberally online to attract a wide audience), authors will have free electronic access to the full text (PDF) of the article. Authors can freely download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.
PROCESSING FEES FOR PUBLICATION
Accepted articles will be published online for free open access for all to view. Open access publishing provides the maximum dissemination of the article to the largest audience. Corresponding authors will be asked to pay their publication charges as open access fee per published article which allows indefinite free-to-view online publication with Life Science Archives (LSA). For more informations contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com
Dr. P. Saranraj, Department of Microbiology, Sacred Heart College (Autonomous), Tirupattur, Vellore District, Tamil Nadu, India.
Dr. Jabbar T. A. Al - Ali, College of Health and Medical Technology, Southern Technical University, Basra, Iraq.
Dr. Mario Bernardo Filho, Laboratory of Chemical and Biological Analysis (LAQB), Foundation State University, Centre of the West Zone (UEZO), Rio de Jeneiro, Brazil.
Dr. Ramesh C. Ray, Principal Scientist, ICAR – Central Tuber Crops Research Institute, Dumdum, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
Dr. Abdulbari A. Alfaris, Department of Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq.
Dr. A. Jayaprakash, Department of Biochemistry, Sacred Heart College (Autonomous), Tirupattur, Vellore District, Tamil Nadu, India.
Dr. Glaucio Dire Feliciano, Laboratory of Chemical and Biological Analysis (LAQB), Foundation State University, Centre of the West Zone (UEZO), Rio de Jeneiro, Brazil.
Dr. M. Mathrusri Annapurna, GITAM Institute of Pharmacy, GITAM University, Rushikonda, Vishakapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Dr. Jiban Shreshta, Scientist (Plant Breeding and Genetics), Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Nepal.
Dr. Mohammad Israil Ansari, Department of Botany, University of Lucknow, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Dr. A. Jebanesan, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu, India.
Dr. D. Reetha, Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu, India.
Dr. V. Karthikkumar, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Bimolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia.
Dr. Nabil Qaid Alwossabi, Department of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China.
Dr. K. Srinivasan, Department of Food Science, University of Pretoria, South Africa.
Dr. Ammar Mohammed AL-Farga, Department of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China.
Dr. G. Usharani, Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu, India.
Dr. Nihad Abdulateef Ali Alnidawi, Animal Production Department, Agriculture College, University of AL - Qasim Green, Iraq.
Dr. Sattar Rashid Suhail Alakabi, College of Veterinary Medicine, Wasit University, Iraq.
Dr. Mustafa Salah Hasan, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Fallujah, Iraq.
Dr. Mohammad Gamal Mahmoud Mohamed, Medicinal Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Aljouf University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Dr. Javier Velasco Sarabia, National Institute of Fishing and Aquaculture, Mexico.
Dr. Karthik Dhanabalan, Department of Medical Physiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Stellenbosch, Tygerberg, South Africa.
Dr. Aseel Mahmood Aljamali, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Kufa University, Kufa, Iraq.
Dr. N. Jeyaraj, Department of Oceanography and Coastal Area Studies, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India.
Dr. Karrar Jasim Hamzah, Department of Veterinary Internal and Prevention Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Al - Qasim Green University, Babylon, Iraq.
Dr. P. Ganesh, Division of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu, India.
Dr. Shabir Ahamad Bhat, Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine, Habak Naseem Bagh, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Dr. Sanyogita Verma, Department of Zoology, Anand Niketan College, Warora, Chandrapur District, Maharshtra, India.
Dr. B. Shanmuga Priya, Department of Botany, Chikkaiah Naicker College, Erode, Tamil Nadu, India.
Dr. B. Rajeswari, Department of Environmental Science and Herbal Science, Tamil University, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India.
Dr. S. Brammavidhya, Department of Microbiology, A.V.C College (Autonomus), Mannampandal, Tamil Nadu, India.
Dr. B. Deivasigamani, CAS in Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Sciences, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Dr. K. Sathyaseelan, PG Department of Microbiology, Shanmuga Industries Arts and Science College, Tiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Dr. S. Anbu, Department of Biochemistry, Sacred Heart College (Autonomous), Tirupattur, Vellore District, Tamil Nadu, India.
Dr. P. Karthik, Department of Ocean Studies and Marine Biology, Pondicherry University, Brookshabad Campus, Port Blair, Andaman, India.
Dr. Saroj Kumar Ghosh, Department of Zoology, Bejoy Narayan Mahavidyalaya, Hooghly, West Bengal, India.
Dr. E.M. Aneesh, Department of Zoology, St.Joseph’s College, Thrissur, Kerala, India.
Dr. A. Senthil Murugan, Soil & Land Reclamation Division, Institute of Forest Productivity, (ICFRE) Ranchi, India.
Dr. V. Hemamalini, Department of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, Quaid – E-Millath Government Arts College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Dr. V. Mahalingam, Himalaya College of Nursing, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.
Dr. M. Ramar, Division of Entomology, Department of Zoology, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
Dr. M. Surendra, Department of Anthropology, Centre for Southeast Asian and Pacific Studies, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Dr. Koushik Dutta, Department of Environmental Science of Sambhunath College, Labpur, Birbhum District, West Bengal, India.